Biography of Louise Gluck

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Louise Glück
BornLouise Elisabeth Glück
(1943-04-22) April 22, 1943 (age 75)
New York City, U.S.
OccupationPoet
Alma materColumbia University
Notable awards
  • Pulitzer Prize for Poetry
    1993
  • Bollingen Prize in Poetry
    2001
  • US Poet Laureate
    2003–2004
  • National Book Award for Poetry
    2014


Louise Elisabeth Glück (born April 22, 1943) is an American poet. She was appointed Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress in 2003, after serving as a Special Bicentennial Consultant three years prior in 2000. She won the National Book Award for Poetry in 2014 for Faithful and Virtuous Night.





Biography

Early life



Louise Glück was born in New York City of Hungarian Jewish heritage. She grew up on Long Island. Her father, Daniel, an immigrant from Hungary, helped invent and market the X-Acto Knife. Due to anorexia, Glück left George W. Hewlett High School, in Hewlett, New York before graduating and began psychoanalysis, which taught her how to think. She briefly attended Sarah Lawrence College but once again withdrew because of her anorexia. Glück later attended Columbia University. She did not graduate from university, but she studied writing firstly with Leonie Adams and then with Stanley Kunitz, who was a significant mentor in her development as a poet.

Career

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Glück won the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1993 for her collection The Wild Iris. Glück is the recipient of the National Book Critics Circle Award (Triumph of Achilles), the Academy of American Poet's Prize (Firstborn), as well as numerous Guggenheim fellowships. She lives in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and was previously a Senior Lecturer in English at Williams College in Williamstown, MA. Glück currently teaches at Yale University, where she is the Rosencranz Writer in Residence, and in the Creative Writing Program of Boston University. She has also been a member of the faculty of the University of Iowa and taught at Goddard College in Vermont.


Glück is the author of twelve books of poetry, including: A Village Life (2009); Averno (2006), which was a finalist for The National Book Award; The Seven Ages (2001); Vita Nova (1999), which was awarded The New Yorker's Book Award in Poetry; Meadowlands (1996); The Wild Iris (1992), which received the Pulitzer Prize and the Poetry Society of America's William Carlos Williams Award; Ararat (1990), which received the Library of Congress's Rebekah Johnson Bobbitt National Prize for Poetry; and The Triumph of Achilles (1985), which received the National Book Critics Circle Award, the Boston Globe Literary Press Award, and the Poetry Society of America's Melville Kane Award. The First Four Books of Poems (1999) collects her early poetry.


Glück has also published a collection of essays, Proofs and Theories: Essays on Poetry (1994), which won the PEN/Martha Albrand Award for First Nonfiction. Sarabande Books published in chapbook form a new, six-part poem, October, in 2004. In 2001 Yale University awarded Louise Glück its Bollingen Prize in Poetry, given biennially for a poet's lifetime achievement in his or her art. Her other honors include the Lannan Literary Award for Poetry, the Sara Teasdale Memorial Prize (Wellesley, 1986), the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Anniversary Medal (2000), and fellowships from the Guggenheim and Rockefeller foundations and from the National Endowment for the Arts. "A Village Life" (2009) has been nominated for the Griffin Poetry Prize. The latest collection, Faithful and Virtuous Night, was published in September 2014 and won the National Book Award for Poetry.


She is a member of the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, and in 1999 was elected a Chancellor of the Academy of American Poets. In 2003 she was named as judge for the Yale Series of Younger Poets and served in that position through 2010. Glück was appointed the US Poet Laureate from 2003–2004, succeeding Billy Collins.



Awards and honors

  • 2015 National Humanities Medal
  • 2014 National Book Award (Poetry) for Faithful and Virtuous Night
  • 2012 Los Angeles Times Book Prize (Poetry) for Poems
  • 2012 Golden Plate Award, American Academy of Achievement
  • 2007 L.L. Winship/PEN New England Award, Averno: Poems
  • 2001 Bollingen Prize
  • 1993 Pulitzer Prize, Wild Iris

Bibliography

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By Louise Glück
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Poetry collections

  • Firstborn (1968)
  • The House on Marshland (1975)
  • The Garden (1976)
  • Descending Figure (1980)
  • The Triumph of Achilles (1985)
  • Ararat (Ecco Press, 1990)
  • The Wild Iris (1992)
  • Mock Orange (1993)
  • The First Four Books of Poems (1995)
  • Meadowlands (1997)
  • Vita Nova (1999)
  • The Seven Ages (2001)
  • Averno (2006) Farrar, Straus and Giroux
  • A Village Life (2009) (shortlisted for the 2010 International Griffin Poetry Prize) Farrar, Straus, Giroux
  • Poems: 1962-2012, Farrar, Straus, Giroux
  • Faithful and Virtuous Night, Farrar, Straus, Giroux (2014)

List of poems





Title

Year

First published

Reprinted/collected

An adventure

2013

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Prose

  • Proofs and Theories: Essays on Poetry (1994)
  • American Originality: Essays on Poetry (2017)



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