Biography of Jeanne Moreau









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French actress, singer, screenwriter and director


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Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau 1958.jpg
Moreau at the Venice Film Festival, 1958
Born(1928-01-23)23 January 1928
Paris, France
Died31 July 2017(2017-07-31) (aged 89)
Paris, France
Resting placeMontmartre Cemetery, Paris
Alma materConservatoire de Paris
Occupation
  • Actress
  • screenwriter
  • film director
Years active1947–2015
Spouse(s)
Jean-Louis Richard


(m. 1949; div. 1964)​
William Friedkin


(m. 1977; div. 1979)​
Children1


Jeanne Moreau (French pronunciation: ​[ʒan mɔʁo]; 23 January 1928 – 31 July 2017) was a French actress, singer, screenwriter, director, and socialite. She made her theatrical debut in 1947, and established herself as one of the leading actresses of the Comédie-Française. Moreau began playing small roles in films in 1949, later achieving prominence with starring roles in Louis Malle's Elevator to the Gallows (1958), Michelangelo Antonioni's La Notte (1961), and François Truffaut's Jules et Jim (1962). Most prolific during the 1960s, Moreau continued to appear in films into her 80s. Orson Welles called her "the greatest actress in the world".


She won the Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actress for Seven Days... Seven Nights (1960), the BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress for Viva Maria! (1965), and the César Award for Best Actress for The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea (1992). She was also the recipient of several lifetime achievement awards, including a BAFTA Fellowship in 1996, a Cannes Golden Palm in 2003, and another César Award in 2008.





Early life and education



Moreau was born in Paris, the daughter of Katherine (née Buckley), a dancer who performed at the Folies Bergère (d. 1990), and Anatole-Désiré Moreau, a restaurateur (d. 1975). Moreau's father was French; her mother was English, a native of Oldham, Lancashire, England and of part Irish descent. Moreau's father was Catholic and her mother, originally a Protestant, converted to Catholicism upon marriage. When Jeanne was a young girl, "the family moved south to Vichy, spending vacations at the paternal ancestral village of Mazirat, a town of 30 houses in a valley in the Allier. "It was wonderful there", Moreau said. "Every tombstone in the cemetery was for a Moreau". During World War II, the family was split, and Moreau lived with her mother in Paris. Moreau ultimately lost interest in school and, at age 16, after attending a performance of Jean Anouilh's Antigone, found her calling as an actor. She later studied at the Conservatoire de Paris. Her parents separated permanently while Moreau was at the conservatory and her mother, "after 24 difficult years in France, returned to England with Jeanne's sister, Michelle."



Career



In 1947, Moreau made her theatrical debut at the Avignon Festival. She debuted at the Comédie-Française in Ivan Turgenev's A Month in the Country and, by her 20s, was already one of the leading actresses in the theatre's troupe. After 1949, she began appearing in films with small parts but continued primarily active in the theatre for several years — a year at the Théâtre National Populaire opposite among others Gérard Philipe and Robert Hirsch, then a breakout two years in dual roles in The Dazzling Hour by Anna Bonacci, then Jean Cocteau's La Machine Infernale and others before another two-year run, this time in Shaw's Pygmalion. From the late 1950s, after appearing in several successful films, she began to work with the emerging generation of French film-makers. Elevator to the Gallows (1958) with first-time director Louis Malle was followed by Malle's The Lovers (Les Amants, 1959).


Moreau went on to work with many of the best known New Wave and avant-garde directors. François Truffaut's New Wave film Jules et Jim (1962), her biggest success internationally, is centered on her magnetic starring role. She also worked with a number of other notable directors such as Michelangelo Antonioni (La notte and Beyond the Clouds), Orson Welles (The Trial, Chimes at Midnight and The Immortal Story), Luis Buñuel (Diary of a Chambermaid), Elia Kazan (The Last Tycoon), Rainer Werner Fassbinder (Querelle), Wim Wenders (Until the End of the World), Carl Foreman (Champion and The Victors), and Manoel de Oliveira (Gebo et l'Ombre).


In 1983, she was head of the jury at the 33rd Berlin International Film Festival. In 2005, she was awarded with the Stanislavsky Award at the 27th Moscow International Film Festival.


Moreau was also a vocalist. She released several albums and once performed with Frank Sinatra at Carnegie Hall in 1984. In addition to acting, Moreau worked behind the camera as a writer, director and producer. Her accomplishments were the subject of the film Calling the Shots (1988) by Janis Cole and Holly Dale.[citation needed]



Personal life

Moreau in 2009


Throughout her life, Moreau maintained friendships with prominent writers such as Jean Cocteau, Jean Genet, Henry Miller, and Marguerite Duras, (an interview with Moreau is included in Duras's book Outside: Selected Writings). She formerly was married to Jean-Louis Richard (1949–1964, separated in 1951), and then to American film director William Friedkin (1977–1979). She and Richard had a son, Jérôme. Director Tony Richardson left his wife Vanessa Redgrave for her in 1967, but they never married. She also had affairs with directors Louis Malle and François Truffaut, fashion designer Pierre Cardin, and the Greek actor/playboy Theodoros Roubanis.


In 1971, Jeanne Moreau was a signer of the Manifesto of the 343 which publicly announced that she had obtained an illegal abortion.


Moreau was a close friend of Sharon Stone, who presented a 1998 American Academy of Motion Pictures life tribute to Moreau at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater, academy headquarters, in Beverly Hills. Orson Welles called her "the greatest actress in the world", and she remained one of France's most accomplished actresses.


In 2009, Moreau signed a petition in support of film director Roman Polanski, calling for his release after Polanski was arrested in Switzerland in relation to his 1977 charge for drugging and raping a 13-year-old girl.



Literary reception



In an imaginary conversation, 'Anguilla. Gespräch in Lyon', Andreas Dorschel sets up a debate between Moreau and philosopher Roger Scruton (1944–2020) about the question whether the joy of sex and the pleasures of the gourmet are of the same kind. Moreau affirms, Scruton contests. Towards the end of their conversation the inventiveness of their French cook, Mathieu Viannay, seems to tilt the balance in favour of Moreau's position.



Filmography

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Actress





Year

Title

Role

Director

Notes

1949

Last Love

Michèle

Jean Stelli

1950

Meurtres ? [fr]

Martine Annequin

Richard Pottier

Pigalle-Saint-Germain-des-Prés

La môme Pâquerette

André Berthomieu

1952

The Man in My Life

Suzanne Dubreuil

Guy Lefranc

Il est minuit, docteur Schweitzer

Marie Winter

André Haguet

1953

Dortoir des grandes

Julie

Henri Decoin

Julietta

Rosie Facibey

Marc Allégret

1954

Touchez pas au grisbi

Josy

Jacques Becker

Les Intrigantes

Mona Rémi

Henri Decoin

Secrets d'alcôve

Jeanne Plisson

Various directors

(segment "Billet de logement, Le")

Queen Margot

Margaret of Valois

Jean Dréville

1955

Les Hommes en blanc

Marianne Déjazet

Ralph Habib

M'sieur la Caille

Fernande

André Pergament

Opération gas-oil

Alice

Gilles Grangier

1956

Le Salaire du péché

Angèle Ribot

Denys de la Patellière

1957

Jusqu'au dernier

Gina

Pierre Billon

Les Louves

Agnès Vanaux

Luis Saslavsky

L'étrange Monsieur Steve

Florence

Raymond Bailly

Three Days to Live

Jeanne Fortin

Gilles Grangier

1958

The Lovers (Les amants)

Jeanne Tournier

Louis Malle

Ascenseur pour l'échafaud

Florence Carala

Le Dos au mur [fr]

Gloria Decrey

Édouard Molinaro

1959

The 400 Blows

Woman with Dog

François Truffaut

cameo appearance

Les liaisons dangereuses

Juliette de Merteuil

Roger Vadim

1960

Five Branded Women

Ljuba

Martin Ritt

Moderato Cantabile

Anne Desbarèdes

Peter Brook

Dialogue with the Carmelites

Mère Marie de l'Incarnation

Philippe Agostini

1961

La Notte

Lidia Pontano

Michelangelo Antonioni

A Woman Is a Woman

Woman in Bar

Jean-Luc Godard

Uncredited, discussing Jules et Jim

1962

Jules et Jim

Catherine

François Truffaut

Eva

Eva Olivier

Joseph Losey

The Trial

Miss Burstner

Orson Welles

1963

Bay of Angels

Jacqueline "Jackie" Demaistre

Jacques Demy

The Fire Within (Le feu follet)

Eva

Louis Malle

Banana Peel (Peau de banane)

Cathy

Marcel Ophüls

The Victors

the French lady

Carl Foreman

1964

Diary of a Chambermaid

Célestine

Luis Buñuel

The Train

Christine

John Frankenheimer

The Yellow Rolls-Royce

Eloise, Marchioness of Frinton

Anthony Asquith

Mata Hari, Agent H21

Mata Hari

Jean-Louis Richard

1965

Viva Maria!

Maria I

Louis Malle

Chimes at Midnight

Doll Tearsheet

Orson Welles

1966

Mademoiselle

"Mademoiselle"

Tony Richardson

1967

The Oldest Profession (episode "Mademoiselle Mimi")

Mimi Guillotine

Philippe de Broca

(segment "Mademoiselle Mimi")

The Sailor from Gibraltar

Anna

Tony Richardson

1968

The Bride Wore Black

Julie Kohler

François Truffaut

The Immortal Story

Virginie Ducrot

Orson Welles

TV movie

Great Catherine

Catherine

Gordon Flemyng

1969

Le Corps de Diane

Diane Vallier

Jean-Louis Richard

1970

Monte Walsh

Martine Bernard

William A. Fraker

The Little Theatre of Jean Renoir

the singer

Jean Renoir

TV movie, (segment "Quand l'amour meurt")

The Deep

Ruth Warriner

Orson Welles

Filming was unfinished

Alex in Wonderland

Herself

Paul Mazursky

1971

Comptes à rebours

Madeleine St Rose

Roger Pigaut

1972

Chère Louise

Louise

Philippe de Broca

L'humeur vagabonde

Myriam Bingeot

Édouard Luntz

Nathalie Granger

"the other woman"

Marguerite Duras

Repeated Absences

nostalgie

Guy Gilles

Voice

1973

Joanna Francesa

Joana

Cacá Diegues

1974

Je t'aime

Elisa Boussac

Pierre Duceppe

Les Valseuses

Jeanne Pirolle

Bertrand Blier

Creezy

Renee Vibert

Pierre Granier-Deferre

1975

The Garden That Tilts

Maria

Guy Gilles

Hu-man

Sylvana

Jérôme Laperrousaz

Hu-Man

Sylvana

Jérôme Laperrousaz

1976

Lumiere

Sarah Dedieu

Jeanne Moreau

Monsieur Klein

Florence

Joseph Losey

The Last Tycoon

Didi

Elia Kazan

1979

The Adolescent

La narratrice

Jeanne Moreau

Voice, Uncredited

1981

Plein sud

Hélène, la mère de Caroline

Luc Béraud

Your Ticket Is No Longer Valid

Lili Marlene

George Kaczender

1982

A Thousand Billion Dollars

Mme Benoît-Lambert

Henri Verneuil

Querelle

Lysiane

Rainer Werner Fassbinder

La Truite

Lou Rambert

Joseph Losey

1986

Le paltoquet

The Brothel-Keeper

Michel Deville

Sauve-toi, Lola

Marie-Aude Schneider

Michel Drach

1986–1987

Le Tiroir secret

Vivi

(different directors)

2 episodes

1987

The Miracle

Sabine

Jean-Pierre Mocky

Remake

Herself

Ansano Giannarelli

1989

Jour après jour

Janine Weisman

Alain Attal

1990

La Femme Nikita

Amande

Luc Besson

Alberto Express

the Baroness

Arthur Joffé

La Femme fardée [fr]

Le Doria

José Pinheiro

1991

Anna Karamazoff

the Lady

Rustam Khamdamov

To meteoro vima tou pelargou

the Lady

Theo Angelopoulos

The Old Lady Who Walked in the Sea

Lady M

Laurent Heynemann

Until the End of the World

Edith Farber

Wim Wenders

1992

The Lover

Narrator

Jean-Jacques Annaud

Voice

Map of the Human Heart

Sister Banville

Vincent Ward

La nuit de l'océan

Hélène Sauveterre

Antoine Perset

The Absence

the writer's wife

Peter Handke

À demain

Tete

Didier Martiny

1993

Screen Two

Lili

Waris Hussein

Episode: "The Clothes in the Wardrobe"

Je m'appelle Victor

Rose

Guy Jacques

Screen One

Angelique

Charles Sturridge

Episode: "A Foreign Field"

1995

One Hundred and One Nights

La première ex-épouse de M. Cinéma

Agnès Varda

Catherine the Great

Empress Elizabeth Petrovna

Marvin J. Chomsky

Beyond the Clouds

a Lady

Michelangelo Antonioni and Wim Wenders

1996

I Love You, I Love You Not

Nana

Billy Hopkins

The Proprietor

Adrienne Mark

Ismail Merchant

1997

Amour et confusions

Libra

Patrick Braoudé

Witch Way Love

Eglantine

René Manzor

1998

Ever After

Grande Dame

Andy Tennant

1999

Balzac [fr]

Charlotte-Laure de Balzac

Josée Dayan

TV movie

2000

The Prince's Manuscript

Alessandra Wolf (Licy)

Roberto Andò

Les Misérables

Mere Innocente

Josée Dayan

4 episodes

2001

Lisa

Lisa (old)

Pierre Grimblat

Cet amour-là [fr]

Marguerite Duras

Josée Dayan

2003

Love Actually

Lady at Marseilles Airport

Richard Curtis

Uncredited

Les Parents terribles [fr]

Tante Leo

Josée Dayan

2005

Akoibon

Madame Paule

Édouard Baer

Time to Leave

Laura

François Ozon

Go West

Novinar

Ahmed Imamović

Les Rois maudits [fr]

Mahaut, Countess of Artois

Josée Dayan

5 episodes

2006

Roméo et Juliette

Laurence

Yves Desgagnés

2007

Chacun son cinéma

The old woman / Herself

Various directors

(segment "Trois Minutes")

Désengagement

Françoise

Amos Gitai

2008

One Day You'll Understand

Rivka

Amos Gitai

Everywhere at Once

Narrator

Holly Fisher

2009

Carmel

Amos Gitai

Voice

Face

Jeanne

Ming-liang Tsai

La guerre des fils de la lumière contre les fils des ténèbres

Amos Gitai

Kérity, la maison des contes

Aunt Eleanor

Dominique Monfery

Voice

2012

Une estonienne à Paris [fr]

Frida

Ilmar Raag

Gebo et l'Ombre

Candidinha

Manoel de Oliveira

2015

Le talent de mes amis

La grand-mère de Thibault

Alex Lutz

(final film role)

Director

  • Lumière (1976)
  • L'Adolescente (1979)
  • Lillian Gish (1983, TV documentary)

Awards and nominations

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Films





YearGroupAwardFilmResult

2008César AwardsHonorary CésarLifetime achievementWon

2005Moscow International Film FestivalStanislavsky AwardLifetime achievementWon

2003Cannes Film FestivalHonorary Golden PalmLifetime achievementWon

2003Taormina International Film FestivalTaormina Arte AwardLifetime achievementWon

2001Pusan International Film FestivalHand Printing (tribute)Lifetime achievementWon

2000Berlin International Film FestivalHonorary Golden BearLifetime achievementWon

1999Hamptons International Film FestivalDistinguished Achievement AwardLifetime achievementWon

1999Créteil International Women's Film FestivalHomageLifetime achievementWon

1998Academy of Motion Picture Arts and SciencesTributeLifetime achievementWon

1997European Film AwardsLife Achievement AwardLifetime achievementWon

1997San Sebastián International Film FestivalDonostia Lifetime Achievement AwardLifetime achievementWon

1996BAFTA AwardsAcademy FellowshipLifetime achievementWon

1995César AwardsHonorary CésarLifetime achievementWon

1994Women in Film Crystal AwardInternational AwardLifetime achievementWon

1992Venice Film FestivalCareer Golden LionLifetime achievementWon

1992César AwardsBest ActressThe Old Lady Who Walked in the SeaWon

1988César AwardsBest ActressLe MiraculéNominated

1987César AwardsBest Supporting ActressLe PaltoquetNominated

1984Razzie AwardsGolden Raspberry Award for Worst Original SongQuerelle – song: "Young and Joyful Bandit"Nominated

1979Berlin International Film FestivalGolden BearL'adolescenteNominated

1979Chicago International Film FestivalGold HugoL'adolescente Nominated

1976Chicago International Film FestivalGold HugoLumière Nominated

1976Taormina International Film FestivalGolden CharybdisLumière Nominated

1967BAFTA AwardsBest Foreign ActressViva Maria!Won

1964Karlovy Vary International Film FestivalBest ActressDiary of a ChambermaidWon

1963BAFTA AwardsBest Foreign ActressJules et Jim Nominated

1962Jussi AwardsDiploma of Merit – Foreign ActressLa notteWon

1961Fotogramas de PlataBest Foreign PerformerLe dialogue des Carmélites Won

1960Cannes Film FestivalBest ActressModerato cantabileWon

1958Venice Film FestivalBest ActressLes amantsWon

Theater





YearGroupAwardPlayResult

1988Molière AwardsBest ActressLe Récit de la servante ZerlineWon



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