Biography of Billy CollinsWilliam James Collins (born March 22, 1941) is an American poet, appointed as Poet Laureate of the United States from 2001 to 2003. He is a Distinguished Professor at Lehman College of the City University of New York (retired, 2016). Collins was recognized as a Literary Lion of the New York Public Library (1992) and selected as the New York State Poet for 2004 through 2006. In 2016, Collins was inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Letters. As of 2020, he is a teacher in the MFA program at Stony Brook Southampton.
Early life and education
Collins was born in Manhattan to William and Katherine Collins and grew up in Queens and White Plains. William was born to a large family from Ireland and Katherine was from Canada. His mother, Katherine Collins, was a nurse who stopped working to raise the couple's only child. Mrs. Collins had the ability to recite verses on almost any subject, which she often did, and cultivated in her young son the love of words, both written and spoken. Billy Collins' father was a worker on Wall Street who Collins attributes as an inspiration to his humor. Collins attended Archbishop Stepinac High School in White Plains and received a B.A. in English from the College of the Holy Cross in 1963; he received his M.A. and Ph.D in Romantic Poetry from the University of California, Riverside. His professors at Riverside included Victorian scholar and poet Robert Peters. There he came under the influence of contemporary poets like Karl Shapiro, Howard Nemerov and Reed Whittemore, and during his adolescence he was influenced by Beat Generation poets as well. In 1975 Collins founded The Mid-Atlantic Review with his friends Walter Blanco and Steve Bailey.
Collins is a Distinguished Professor of English at Lehman College in the Bronx, where he joined the faculty in 1968. He is a founding Advisory Board member of the CUNY Institute for Irish-American Studies at Lehman College. Collins has taught and served as a visiting writer at Sarah Lawrence College in Bronxville, New York as well as teaching workshops across the U.S. and in Ireland. Collins is a member of the faculty of SUNY Stony Brook Southampton, where (2015) he teaches poetry workshops. Collins was named U.S. Poet Laureate in 2001 and held the title until 2003. Collins served as Poet Laureate for the State of New York from 2004 until 2006. Collins served a stint with the Winter Park Institute in Winter Park, Florida, an affiliate of Rollins College. In 2012, Collins became Poetry Consultant for Smithsonian Magazine During the summer of 2013, Collins guest hosted Garrison Keillor's popular daily radio broadcast, The Writer's Almanac, on NPR. Collins has been invited to read at The White House three times—in 2001, 2011, and 2014. In 2014 he traveled to Russia as a cultural emissary of the U.S. State Department. In 2013 and 2015, Collins toured with the singer-songwriter Aimee Mann, performing on stage with her in a music-poetry-conversation format. Collins and Paul Simon have engaged in four onstage conversations about poetry, music, and lyrics, starting in 2008. The conversations were held in 2008 at New York's 92nd Street Y and The Winter Park Institute, in 2013 at the Chautauqua Institution, and in 2013 at Emory University as part of the Richard Ellman Lectures in Modern Literature, where Simon was the 2013 Richard Ellman Lecturer. Collins presented a TED talk, Everyday moments, caught in time at TED 2012. Collins, as one of the Favorite 100 TED speakers of all time, was invited to give another TED talk at TED 2014 in Vancouver, Canada.As U.S. Poet Laureate, Collins read his poem The Names at a special joint session of the United States Congress on September 6, 2002, held to remember the victims of the 9/11 attacks. Though, unlike their British counterparts, U.S. poets laureate are not asked or expected to write occasional poetry, Collins was asked by the Librarian of Congress to write a poem especially for that event. Collins initially refused to read "The Names" in public, though he has read it two times in public since 2002. He vowed not to include it in any of his books, refusing to capitalize on the 9/11 attacks. However, "The Names" was included in The Poets Laureate Anthology put out by the Library of Congress, for which Collins wrote the foreword. At the time the only book-published version of "The Names", it contained a number of typographical errors. The poem also appeared in the New York Times, September 6, 2002. Collins finally agreed to include "The Names" in his new and selected volume Aimless Love in 2013. As Poet Laureate, Collins instituted the program Poetry 180 for high schools. Collins chose 180 poems for the program and the accompanying book, Poetry 180: A Turning Back to Poetry—one for each day of the school year. Collins edited a second anthology, 180 More Extraordinary Poems for Every Day to refresh the supply of available poems. The program is online, and poems are available there for no charge.In 1997, Collins recorded The Best Cigarette, a collection of 34 of his poems, that would become a bestseller. In 2005, the CD was re-released under a Creative Commons license, allowing free, non-commercial distribution of the recording. He also recorded two of his poems for the audio versions of Garrison Keillor's collection Good Poems (2002). Collins has appeared on Keillor's radio show, A Prairie Home Companion, numerous times, where he gained a portion of his large following. In 2005, Collins recorded Billy Collins Live: A Performance in New York City. Collins was introduced by his friend, actor Bill Murray.
Collins has been called "The most popular poet in America" by the New York Times. When he moved from the University of Pittsburgh Press to Random House, the advance he received shocked the poetry world—a six-figure sum for a three-book deal, virtually unheard of in poetry. The deal secured for Collins through his literary agent, Chris Calhoun, then of Sterling Lord Literistic, with the editor Daniel Menaker, remained the talk of the poetry world, and indeed the literary world, for quite some time.Over the years, the U.S. magazine Poetry has awarded Collins several prizes in recognition of poems they publish. During the 1990s, Collins won five such prizes. The magazine also selected him as "Poet of the Year" in 1994. In 2005 Collins was the first annual recipient of its Mark Twain Prize for Humor in Poetry. He has received fellowships from the National Endowment for the Arts, the New York Foundation for the Arts and in 1993, from the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation.
One of his most critically acclaimed works, "Fishing on the Susquehanna in July" has been added to the preserved works of the United States Native American literary registry as being deemed a culturally significant poem. The poem has been included on national Advance Placement exams for high school students.
In 2012, Collins appeared as himself in an episode of the PBS animated series Martha Speaks.
Collins is on the editorial board at The Alaska Quarterly Review. Most recently he contributed to the 30th anniversary edition. He is on the advisory board at the Southern Review, and is similarly named in other journals.
During the stay-at-home confinement period necessitated by the COVID-19 pandemic beginning in March 2020, Collins, like many others in the arts, appears daily on Facebook Live offering his art to a worldwide audience, reading poems and talking about poetry.
In 1977 Collins married Diane Olbright, and later settled in Westchester County, New York. The couple have since divorced. Collins moved in 2007 from New York to Winter Park, Florida to be with Suzannah Gilman, his fiancée, an attorney. Collins and Suzannah Gilman married on July 21, 2019, in Southampton, New York.
Awards and honors
1983 Fellowship from the New York Foundation for the Arts
1986 Fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts
1991 National Poetry Series publication prize. Winner for Questions About Angels
1992 New York Public Library "Literary Lion"
1993 Fellowship from the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation
1994 Poetry magazine's "Poet of the Year"
1995 Lenore Marshall Poetry Prize, Academy of American Poets. Shortlist for The Art of Drowning
2001 American Irish Historical Society Cultural Award
2001–2003 United States Poet Laureate
2004–2006 New York State Poet Laureate
2005 Mark Twain Award for Humor in Poetry
2013 Donald Hall-Jane Kenyon Prize in American Poetry
2014 Norman Mailer Prize for Poetry
2016 Peggy V. Helmerich Distinguished Author Award
2016 American Academy of Arts and LettersOther Awards include these from Poetry magazine:
The Oscar Blumenthal Prize
The Bess Hokin Prize
The Frederick Bock Prize
The Levinson Prize
Books of poems by Collins
Pokerface (Pasadena, Ca.: Kenmore Press, 1977)
Video poems (Long Beach, Ca.: Applezaba Press, 1980)
The apple that astonished Paris: poems (Fayetteville, Ark.: University of Arkansas Press, 1988)
Questions about angels: poems (New York: Quill/William Morrow, 1991)
The art of drowning (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1995)
Picnic, lightning (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1998)
Taking off Emily Dickinson's clothes (London: Picador, 2000)
Sailing alone around the room: new and selected poems (New York: Random House, 2001)
Nine horses: poems (New York: Random House, 2002)
The trouble with poetry and other poems (New York: Random House, 2005)
She Was Just Seventeen (Modern Haiku Press, 2006)
Ballistics: poems (New York: Random House, 2006)
Horoscopes for the dead: poems (New York, Random House, 2011)
Aimless love: new and selected poems (New York: Random House, 2013)
Voyage (Piermont, N.H.: Bunker Hill Publishing, 2014)
The rain in Portugal: poems (New York: Random House, 2016)
Whale day: and other poems (New York: Random House, 2020)
Sound recordings of Collins
Best cigarette [sound recording] / Billy Collins (Chicago: Small Good, 1993)
Books edited or introduced by Collins
Poetry 180: a turning back to poetry / selected and with an introduction by Billy Collins (New York: Random House, 2003)
Leaves of grass / Walt Whitman; with a new foreword by Billy Collins; an introduction by Gay Wilson Allen; and an afterword by Peter Davison (New York: Signet Classics, 2005)
180 more : extraordinary poems for every day / selected and with an introduction by Billy Collins (New York: Random House, 2005)
Bright wings : an illustrated anthology of poems about birds / edited by Billy Collins; paintings by David Allen Sibley (New York: Columbia University Press, 2010)
Poets laureate anthology / edited and with introductions by Elizabeth Hun Schmidt; foreword by Billy Collins (New York: Norton, 2010)
Best of poetry in motion : celebrating twenty-five years on subways and buses / edited by Alice Quinn; foreword by Billy Collins (New York: Norton, 2017)
Individual poems by Collins in magazines
Collins online resources at the Library of Congress
Billy Collins profile at PoetryFoundation.org
Billy Collins profile at poets.org
George Plimpton (Fall 2001). "Billy Collins, The Art of Poetry No. 83". Paris Review. Fall 2001 (159).
New Yorker: Collins' "Catholicism"
Billy Collins at TED